James Williams lectures in Science Education at the University of Sussex. He has extensive experience in teaching and teacher education, working in a variety of state schools as a head of department, head of year and assistant headteacher. In teacher education he has directed the PGCE secondary provision at Sussex University and is currently leading its science education provision. He has written a number of textbooks, education books, articles and academic papers. His latest book is How Science Works: teaching and learning in the science classroom (Continuum Books). He has written numerous education articles for the TES as well as The Guardian, The Independent and The Daily Telegraph. He has made expert contributions to local and national news for the BBC, ITN and Teachers’ TV.